Malic acid is an organic compound made by all living organisms, contributes to the pleasantly sour taste of fruits, and is used as a food additive. is an organic compound with the formula HO2CCH2CHOHCO2H. It is a that is made by all living organisms, contributes to the pleasantly sour taste of fruits, and is used as a food additive.
Malic acid occurs naturally in all fruits and many vegetables, and is generated in fruit metabolism.
Malic acid, when added to food products, is denoted by E number E296. Malic acid is the source of extreme tartness in USA-produced confectionery, the so-called extreme candy. It is also used with or in place of the less sour citric acid in sour sweets. These sweets are sometimes labeled with a warning stating that excessive consumption can cause irritation of the mouth. It is approved for use as a food additive in the EU, USA and Australia and New Zealand (where it is listed by its INS number 296).